In this article, we will discuss History of Non-Alignment in India. So, let’s get started.
History of Non-Alignment in India
- The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was created and founded during the collapse of the colonial system and the independence struggles of the peoples of Africa, Asia, Latin America and other regions of the world and at the height of the Cold War.
- In 1960, it was at the fifteenth ordinary session of the United Nations General Assembly that the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries was created, resulting in the admission of 17 new African and Asian members.
- The then Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru also promoted the concept of ‘non-alignment’, or equidistance of the ‘third world’ from the two superpowers of the Cold War. These concepts found their way to the Bandung Conference of 1955.
- The primary objectives of the non-aligned countries focused on the support of self-determination, national independence and the sovereignty and territorial integrity of States, non-adherence to multilateral military pacts.
- By the end of the 1980s, the Movement was facing the great challenge brought about by the collapse of the socialist block. The end of the clash between the two antagonistic blocks that was the reason for its existence, name and essence was seen by some as the beginning of the end for the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries.