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Geospatial Sector of India

Geospatial Sector of India

In this article we will discuss Geospatial Sector of India

In this article, we will discuss Geospatial Sector of India. So, let’s get started.

Geospatial Sector of India

Geospatial Technology

  • Geospatial technologies is a term used to describe the range of modern tools contributing to the geographic mapping and analysis of the Earth and human societies.
  • The term ‘geospatial’ refers to a collection of technologies that help to collect, analyse, store, manage, distribute, integrate, and present geographic information.
  • Broadly, it consists of the following technologies:
  • Remote Sensing
  • GIS (Geographic Information System)
  • GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System)
  • Survey
  • 3D modelling
  • It enables better measurement, management, and maintenance of assets, monitoring of resources and even providing predictive and prescriptive analysis for forecasting and planned interventions.

Liberalisation of the Geospatial Sector

  • The Ministry of Science and Technology, in February 2021, released new guidelines for the Geo-Spatial Sector in India, which deregulated the previous protocol and liberalised the sector to a more competitive field.
  • The policy granted open access to the geospatial data and services, including maps, for all Indian entities, with the exception of sensitive defence or security-related data.
  • Indian corporations and innovators are no longer subject to restrictions nor do they require prior approvals before generating or updating digital geospatial data and maps within the territory of India.
  • There is also no requirement for security clearance, licence or any other restrictions.
  • Significance of Revised Guidelines
  • The declaration of the guidelines followed by the mention of geospatial in the Union Budget 2022-23 have created the necessary hype about the sector.
  • The growth in the net-worth of the sector has been projected to be about ₹1 lakh-crore by the year 2029 with 13% Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR).
  • Consequently, the geospatial sector, which was considered taboo by investors, is seeing new interest.
  • The liberalisation of the guidelines has brought in a response from the private industry which is no more apprehensive and conservative like it was in previous years.
  • Underlying Challenges
  • Among the most prominent hurdles is the absence of a sizable geospatial market in India.
  • There is no demand for geospatial services and products on a scale linked to India’s potential and size.
  • This lack of demand is mainly a consequence of the lack of awareness among potential users in government and private sectors.
  • The other hurdle has been the lack of skilled manpower across the entire pyramid.
  • The unavailability of foundation data, especially at high-resolution, is also a constraint.
  • The lack of clarity on data sharing and collaboration prevents co-creation and asset maximisation.
  • Additionally, there are still no ready-to-use solutions especially built to solve the problems of India.
  • Though India has many who are trained in geospatial this is mostly either through a master’s level programme or on-job training.
  • Unlike the West, India lacks a strata of core professionals who understand geospatial end-to-end.

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