In this article, we will discuss Salient Features of Indian Constitution (Part-9). So, let’s get started.
Originally, the Indian Constitution, like any other federal Constitution, provided for a dual polity and contained provisions with regards to the organisation and powers of the Centre and the states. Later, the 73rd and 74th constitutional Amendment Acts (1992) have added a third-tier of Government (i.e., local) which is not found in any other Constitution of the world.
The 73rd Amendment Act of 1992 gave Constitutional recognition to the Panchayats (rural local government) by adding a new Part IX and a new Schedule 11 to the Constitution. Similarly, the 74th Amendment Act of 1992 gave constitutional recognition to the municipalities (urban local governments) by adding a new Part IX-A and a new Schedule 12 to the Constitution.