In this article, we will solve 10 MCQs on Physiology (Part-V). So, let’s get started.
Questions and Answers (Correct answer in bold)
Q1. Patients often progress through a predictable series of stages after being diagnosed with a terminal illness. According to Elizabeth Kubler Ross’ Stages of Dying, what is the stage patients will first experience?
C. Denial and isolation
Q2. A therapist monitors the blood pressure of a 28-year-old male during increasing levels of physical exertion. Assuming a normal physiologic response, which of the following best describes the patients’ blood pressure response to exercise?
A. Systolic pressure decreases, diastolic pressure increases
B. Systolic pressure remains the same, diastolic pressure decreases
C. Systolic pressure and diastolic pressure remains the same
Q3. A patient with chronic arterial insufficiency may demonstrate which of the following signs?
B. Brown skin pigment
D. Warm skin temperature
Q4. While discussing a patient’s progress with a referring physician the physician asks if the patient has demonstrated any signs of thoracodynia. Thoracodynia can best be described as:
B. Inadequate chest expansion
C. Diaphragmatic spasm
D. Chest pain
Q5. A therapist reviews the medical chart of a patient with a history of recurrent dysrhythmias. The therapist is concerned about the past medical history and would like to monitor the patient during all activities. Which of the following monitoring devices would be the most beneficial?
A. Pulmonary artery catheter
C. Intracranial pressure monitor
D. Pulse oximeter
Q6. A therapist monitors a patient’s blood pressure using the brachial artery. What effect would you expect to see on the measured blood pressure value if the therapist selects blood pressure cuff that is too narrow in relation to the circumference of the patient’s arm?
A. Systolic valves will be higher and diastolic valves will be lower
B. Systolic valves will be lower and diastolic valves will be higher
C. Systolic and diastolic valves will be higher
D. Systolic and diastolic valves will be lower
Q7. Therapists must be aware of a variety of factors that can influence a patient’s pulse rate. Which of the following factors would not have a tendency to increase a patient’s pulse rate?
B. Low temperatures
D. Stress or anxiety
Q8. A patient rehabilitating from a myocardial infarction pharmacological agents would lower heart rate and blood
pressure during an exercise test?
C. Beta blockers
Q9. A frequently administered treatment for cancer in which high doses of energy are administrered to the body to stop cell replication is termed:
B. Radiation therapy
D. Surgical intervention
Q10. Certain types of drugs such as nitroglycerin can be metabolized and destroyed by the liver. What route of
administration would best allow nitroglycerin to reach the systemic circulation?