10 MCQs on Physiology (Part-IV)

In this article we will solve 10 MCQs on Physiology (Part-IV)

In this article, we will solve 10 MCQs on Physiology (Part-IV). So, let’s get started.

Questions and Answers (Correct answer in bold)

Q1. The commonest variety of renal stone is:
A. Uric acid stone
B. Oxalate stone
C. Phosphate stone
D. Mixed stone

Q2. A therapist monitors a patient’s blood pressure using the brachial artery. What effect would you expect to see on the
measured blood pressure value if the therapist selects blood pressure cuff that is too narrow in relation to the circumference
of the patient’s arm?
A. Systolic values will be higher and diastolic values will be lower
B. Systolic values will be lower and diastolic values will be higher
C. Systolic and diastolic values will be higher
D. Systolic and diastolic values will be lower

Q3. A patient with suspected cardiac dysfunction is placed on a continuous ambulatory ECG monitor. Which of the
following is the name commonly used for this type of monitoring.
A. Hemodynamic
B. Holter
C. Phonocardiography
D. Pulmonic

Q4. Dysrhythmias can result in varying
degrees of abnormal hemodynamics. Which of the following dysrhythmias would have the most significant effect on hemodynamics?
A.Sinus rhythm with first degree A-V block
B. Sinus rhythm with premature atrial contractions
C Sinus rhythm with short episodes of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
D. Ventricular tachycadia

Q5. After administration, many drugs are stored at specific locations in the body. What is the primary site for drug storage
in the body?
A. Adipose tissue
B. Bone
C. Muscle
D. Organs

Q6. A therapist examines an electrocardiogram of a patient
during exercise. What change in the electrocardiogram would be indicative of myocardial ischemia?
A. P wave changes
B. PR interval changes
C. QRS changes
D. ST segment changes

Q7. A therapist employed in a large medical center reviews the chart of a 63-year-old male referred to physical therapy for pulmonary rehabilitation. The chart indicates the patient has smoked 1-2 packs of cigarettes a day since the age of 25. The admitting physician documented that the patient’s thorax was enlarged with flaring of the costal margins and widening of the costochondral angle. Which pulmonary disease does the chart most accurately describe?
A. Asthma
B. Bronchiectasis
C. Chronic bronchitis
D. Emphysema

Q8. A patient is instructed by the nursing staff to increase dietary consumption of food sources that are rich in vitamin A. Which of the following food groups would be the most appropriate to meet this goal?
A. Green leaves, nuts, seafood
B. Fish liver oils, butter, yellow vegetables
C. Milk, cheese, liver
D. Vegetable oil, wheat germ, dried yeast

Q9. An acute myocardial infarction can often be diagnosed by analyzing the characteristic pattern and duration of selected enzymes in the blood. Which of the following enzymes is not commonly elevated following a myocardial infarction?
A. Aspartate aminotransferase
B. Creatine phosphokinase
C. Lactate dehydrogenase
D. Alkaline phosphatase

Q10. A patient is placed on a 12 lead ECG following a suspected myocardial infarction. What ECG finding is the best indicator of an acute myocardial infarction?
A. ST segment elevation
B. QRS complex elevation
C. P wave elevation
D. T wave elevation

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