In this article, we will discuss Paris Agreement. So, let’s get started.
Paris Agreement on Climate Change
- Paris Agreement was concluded at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (UNFCCC), COP 21 that was held in Paris in 2015, which was also the 11th session of the Meeting of the Parties to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol (CMP 11).
- The Paris Agreement’s aim is to keep the global temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
- The Paris Agreement requires all Parties to put forward their best efforts through “intended nationally determined contributions” (INDCs) and to strengthen these efforts in the years ahead.
- The Paris Agreement, in contrast with the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, makes all countries responsible for reducing GreenHouse Gases (GHGs) instead of just the developed or Annex-1 countries, which are responsible for the bulk of the total GHG concentrations in the atmosphere.