Background of Dravida Nadu

In this article we will discuss Background of Dravida Nadu

In this article, we will discuss Background of Dravida Nadu. So, let’s get started.

Background of Dravida Nadu

  • Before Independence:
  • The concept of Dravida Nadu had its root in the Anti-Brahminism movement in Tamil Nadu, with early demands of social equality, and greater power and control.
  • However, over time, it came to include a separatist movement, demanding a sovereign state for the Tamil people.
  • In 1921, the Justice Party was the major political party backing this movement.
  • At the time, the presence of Brahmins in the Madras government was disproportionately higher than their population in the state.
  • In 1925, Periyar started the Self-Respect Movement.
  • He emphasised the distinct cultural identity of the Tamil nation.
  • In 1938, the Justice Party and Self-Respect Movement came together, representing the merger of the party and the movement.
  • In 1944, its new outfit was named Dravidar Kazhagam.
  • Post-Independence:
  • In 1956, States Reorganisation Act, which created linguistic States, weakened the demand further.
  • In the 1980s, a minor militant organisation called Tamil Nadu Liberation Army revived the demand for Dravida Nadu, when the Indian Peacekeeping Force (IPKF) was sent to Sri Lanka.

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