In this article we will discuss PMGKAY (Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana)

In this article, we will discuss PMGKAY (Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana). So, let’s get started.


  • PMGKAY (Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana) is a part of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package (PMGKP) to help the poor fight the battle against Covid-19.
  • Its nodal Ministry is the Ministry of Finance.
  • It was initially announced for a three month period (April, May and June 2020), covering 80 crore ration cardholders. Later it was extended till November 2020.
  • However in April 2021, the government had announced its decision to restart the PMGKAY.
  • The scheme aimed at providing each person who is covered under the National Food Security Act 2013 with an additional 5 kg grains (wheat or rice) for free, in addition to the 5 kg of subsidised foodgrain already provided through the Public Distribution System (PDS).
  • The new version of the PMGKAY lacks one of its important components which was there in 2020 PMGKAY i:e free-of-cost 1 kg pulses per month to each household covered under the NFSA.
  • Expenditure:
  • Government of India will bear all expenditure of over Rs. 26,000 crore on account of food subsidy and Central assistance to states/UTs on account of intra-state transportation etc.
  • Allocation Till Now:
  • Out of a total monthly allocation of 39.69 lakh Metric Tonnes (MT) under the PMGKAY, 15.55 lakh MT have been lifted by states.
  • 1.01 lakh MT have been distributed to 2.03 crore beneficiaries till May 2021.
  • Challenge:
  • A key issue is that the beneficiaries of the National Food Security Act are based on the last census (2011). The number of food-insecure people has increased since then and they remain uncovered.

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