In this article, we will discuss Wetlands. So, let’s get started.
- Wetlands are areas where water is the primary factor controlling the environment and the associated plant and animal life. They occur where the water table is at or near the surface of the land, or where the land is covered by water.
- They are the lands transitional between terrestrial and aquatic eco-systems where the water table is usually at or near the surface or the land is covered by shallow water.
- As per recent estimates, wetlands of at least 2.25 ha in size makeup 4.86% of the country’s (India) geographical area (15.98 million-hectares).