Categories
Banking Banking and Insurance Current Affairs General Knowledge General Studies IAS MBA MPPSC Railways RBI SSC State PCS State PSC UPSC Various Competitive Exams

Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN)

In this article, we will discuss Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN). So, let’s get started.

Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN)

  • FLN is broadly conceptualised as a child’s ability to read basic texts and solve basic maths problems (such as addition and subtraction).
  • Foundational Literacy and Numeracy is one of the major themes of the NEP 2020.
  • In 2021, the NIPUN-Bharat programme was launched with a vision to ensure universal literacy and numeracy for Class 3 children by 2026-27.
  • It envisaged a five-tier implementation mechanism, set up at the National- State- District- Block- School level in all States and UTs, under the aegis of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Samagra Shiksha.
  • Arguments in the favour of FLN say that the ability to read and write, and perform basic operations with numbers i.e., FLN, is a necessary foundation and an indispensable prerequisite for all future schooling and lifelong learning.
  • The Foundational Learning study will enable to establish benchmarks in reading with comprehension in different Indian languages for children at Grade 3 level.
  • It will assess the ability to read age-appropriate texts (known as well as unknown) at a certain pace, accurately, and with comprehension and also the foundational numeracy skills.

Issues Associated with FLN

  • Encourages Rote-Learning: Since long, rote-learning has been seen as the core problem in the Indian education system – de-contextualised repetition of facts, reciting without questioning, and a general lack of critical thinking are the impediments to holistic forms of learning.
  • A monitoring system that judges performance based on FLN mastery will likely lead to states and schools intensifying rote-learning to avoid bad results.
  • It is exactly this fear of failing in standardised assessments that perpetuates rote-learning and paves the way for “teaching to the test” — where teaching, resources, and time are all redirected away from learning towards mere assessment mastery.
  • A False Framing: The word foundational implies that certain aspects of numeracy and literacy must come first before any other learning can happen. A good education system ensures numeracy and literacy, but without making them its single or primary purpose.
  • A single-minded focus on these basics not only creates a risk of decontextualized and rote learning but also implies that richer learning and critical thinking only come afterwards.
  • Reading without questioning and calculating without understanding its relevance are not quite the foundations for any possible critical thinking but might even lead away from it.
  • Creates a Division: Despite claims of how FLN is a goal for all children, its prioritisation is almost exclusively meant to be for children from rural and marginalised backgrounds, thus creating two separate tracks within Indian education —
  • One with children in elite and high-fee private schools getting to focus on rich and holistic content and the other with marginalised children in low-fee private/public schools, who will not be able to go much beyond these foundational skills.
  • This presents significant long-term implications with some children being highly skilled and more suited for elite professions, and others relegated to being just literate and thus facing a limited pool of low-earning professions to be eligible for.

By competitiveworld27

Competitive World is your online guide for competitive exam preparation

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.