In this article, we will discuss India’s Initiatives Regarding Nuclear Energy. So, let’s get started.
India’s Initiatives Regarding Nuclear Energy
- India has consciously proceeded to explore the possibility of tapping nuclear energy for the purpose of power generation.
- In this direction a three-stage nuclear power programme was formulated by Homi Bhabha in the 1950s.
- The Atomic Energy Act, 1962 was framed and implemented with the set objectives of using two naturally occurring elements Uranium and Thorium as nuclear fuel in Indian Nuclear Power Reactors.
- In December, 2021, the Government of India informed Parliament about building ten indigenous Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs) to be set up in fleet mode and had granted “in principle approval” for 28 additional reactors, including 24 to be imported from France, the U.S. and Russia.
- Recently, the Centre has given in-principle (first step ) approval for setting up of six nuclear power reactors at Jaitapur in Maharashtra.
- Jaitapur would be the world’s most powerful nuclear power plant. There would be six state-of-the-art Evolutionary Power Reactors (EPRs) with an installed capacity of 9.6 GWe that will produce low carbon electricity.
- The six nuclear power reactors, which will have a capacity of 1,650 MW each, will be set up with technical cooperation from France.