In this article, we will discuss Tropical India (Regions of Very Heavy Rainfall). So, let’s get started.
Region of Very Heavy Rainfall
This climatic divison stretches over Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura and Mizoram. The average annual rainfall in these areas is over 200 cm. The heaviest rainfall in the world is recorded in this region at the station of Mawsynram and Cherrapunji. Over 90%of the average annual rainfall is recorded during the season of the South-West Monsoon. There are significant variations in the mean monthly temperature of January and July owing to undulating and mountainous topography.
Region of Heavy Rainfall
This region covers West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand and eastern parts of Andhra Pradesh. The
average annual rainfall in this region varies between 100–200 cm. There is a general decrease in theamount of rainfall from east to west. The mean January temperature is over 18°C, while about 30°C is recorded during the months of June and July.
Region of Moderate Rainfall
This region lies to the east of the Western Ghats and includs Gujarat, south-western Madhya
Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and greater parts of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Being in the rain-shadow area of the Western Ghats, this region receives relatively less rainfall of about 75cm. The average temperature in the months of January and July varies between 18°C and 32°C respectively.
The Konkan Coast
It stretches from the mouth of Tapi river to Goa. The average annual rainfall is more than 200 cm, of which over 90% is recorded from the Arabian stream of the South-West Monsoon. The mean January temperature remains around 24°C while the mean July temperature reads about 27°C. The average annual range of temperatures varies between 3°C to 6°C depending on the distance from the cost and the equator. In general, the annual range of temperature increases from south to north.
The Malabar Coast
This climate division lies between Goa and Cape Camorin (Kanniyakumari). The Malabar Coast records over 250cm of rainfall. The average annual temperature reads around 27°C with 3°C being the annual range of temperature. Kochi is a typical example of this region.
The Tamil Nadu Region
This region includes the greater parts of the state of Tamil Nadu and the Coromandal Cost. The average annual rainfall varies between 100-150cm. Most of the rainfall is recorded during the season of retreating Monsoon (October to December). The average temperature for the month of January is 24°C, while the July temperature reads around 30°C.