In this article, we will discuss Reasons Behind Urban Poverty. So, let’s get started.
Reasons Behind Urban Poverty
- Large Scale of Rural-Urban Migration:
- The urban poor is largely the overflow of the rural poor who migrate to urban areas in search of alternative employment and livelihood.
- Lack of infrastructure in rural areas (push factor), rapid Industrialisation in urban areas (pull factor) leading to migration due to asymmetrical development.
- Lack of Skills:
- Most of the poor are not able to participate in the emerging employment opportunities in different sectors of the urban economy as they do not have the necessary knowledge and skills to do so.
- It has led to generations of unskilled or semi-skilled people who find it difficult to find decent paying jobs.
- Unemployment or underemployment and the casual and intermittent nature of work in urban areas lead to indebtedness, that in turn, reinforces poverty.
- Unemployment refers to the economic situation in which an individual who is actively searching for employment is unable to find work.
- Underemployment is a situation where there is a mismatch between the employment opportunities and the skills and education level of the employees.
- A steep rise in the price of food grains and other essential goods further intensifies the hardship and deprivation of lower-income groups in urban areas.