Women’s Health (Current Situation)

In this article we will discuss Women’s Health (Current Situation)

In this article, we will discuss Women’s Health (Current Situation). So, let’s get started.

Women’s Health (Current Situation)

  • Growth in Risk of Anaemia: The National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-5 data (2019-20) show an increase in anaemia among adolescent girls by 5% when compared to NFHS-4.
  • Pre-Pandemic Outcomes: The Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey 2019 shows that even before the pandemic, consumption of diverse food groups among adolescents was low.
  • Post-Pandemic Outcomes: The fallout of Covid-19 has further worsened dietary diversity, especially among women, adolescents and children.
  • According to a study by the Tata-Cornell Institute for Agriculture and Nutrition, women’s dietary diversity in India declined by 42% during Covid-19 lockdowns as they consumed fewer fruits, vegetables, and eggs.
  • Reduction in Supply of Nutrition Services: The lockdowns also led to the loss of mid-day meals and interruptions in Weekly Iron Folic Acid Supplementation (WIFS) and nutrition education in schools for adolescent girls.
  • This was compounded by challenges in providing nutrition services to out-of-school adolescent girls which further increased their vulnerability to poor nutrition outcomes.
  • Need for Dietary Diversity: Adolescence is the window of opportunity where practices of dietary diversity can be built to correct nutritional deficiencies and replenish the body with much-needed nutrients, especially for girls.
  • Micronutrient Deficiencies: Currently, 80% of adolescents suffer ‘hidden hunger’ due to micronutrient deficiencies. The trend is more prevalent in girls as they already suffer multiple nutritional deprivations.
  • It is required to strengthen the initiatives to address deficiencies of not just iron and folic acid, but also vitamin B12, vitamin D, and zinc.

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